Curriculum for Foundation to Year 6

Year-Level Descriptions

Year-level descriptions provide a focus of study at each year level. The descriptions identify the key concepts that are to be the focus for understanding and articulating how students’ knowledge, understanding, and skills are to be developed. They also emphasise the interrelated nature of the three strands and the expectation that planning will involve integration of content from across the strands.

Content Descriptions

GNFL includes content descriptions at each year level. These set out the knowledge, understanding and skills that teachers are expected to teach and students are expected to learn. However, they do not prescribe approaches to teaching. The content descriptions have been written to ensure that learning is appropriately ordered and that unnecessary repetition is avoided. However, a concept or skill introduced at a particular year level may be revisited, strengthened and extended at later year levels, as needed.

Content Elaborations

Content elaborations are provided for Foundation to Year 6 to exemplify content and to assist teachers in developing a common understanding of the content descriptions. They are not intended to be comprehensive content points that all students need to be taught.


A glossary is provided to support a common understanding of key terms and concepts in the content descriptions.

Achievement Standards

The achievement standards describe expected student learning at each year level. They emphasise the deepening of conceptual understanding, the development of skills, and the growth in the ability to apply essential knowledge expected of students.

Student Diversity

The three-dimensional design of the Australian Curriculum, comprising learning areas, general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities, provides teachers with flexibility to cater for the diverse needs of students across Australia and to personalise their learning. More detailed advice has been developed for schools and teachers on using the Australian Curriculum to meet diverse learning needs; it is available under “Student Diversity” on the Australian Curriculum website.